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What is Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity is protecting critical systems and information (PCI, PHI, PII).  Cybersecurity is also known as IT Security, these are designed to identify, manage, and protect organizations and information from cyber threats.  

The Center for Internet Security (CIS) establishes benchmarks aligned with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).  This helps establish administrative and technical controls that security teams can implement controls to enforce.



Malware, short for “malicious software,” is a broad term describing any malicious software harmful to computers.  It covers worms, ransomware, spyware, trojans, rootkits, keyloggers, and bots.

Like the human flu or Covid, malware seeks to interfere with normal functioning.  It impacts computers, computer systems, networks, tablets, mobile devices, and other devices with computer chips.

There are different motivations behind the deployment of malware.  Some are about making money, some are making a political statement, and some can be about vandalism.  Malware can delete data, encrypt data, or event steal data.


Spam is a way of sending unwanted messages to unsuspecting recipients.  Marketing is one reason for spam, nothing more than annoying unsolicited products.  Some spam is designed to send malware to recipients to obtain information from individuals. 

There are different types of spam; some is an annoyance others can be malicious.  Some examples of malicious emails are phishing, spoofing, scams, malspam, or malware.

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